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The Synthetix Protocol has several key governing bodies and artifacts which co-exist to enable the decentralised nature of the Protocol. The key decentralised autonomous organisations (DAOs) are the - Spartan Council, Protocol DAO, Synthetix DAO, Ambassadors DAO and the Grants DAO.

The Synthetix decentralised governance process utilises these key artifacts - Synthetix Improvement Proposals (SIPs) and the Synthetix Configuration Change Proposals (SCCPs) which effectively outline proposed present, past and future changes to the Synthetix Protocol.


Synthetix Improvement Proposals (SIPs)

The SIP is an artifact used to describe proposed changes to the core Synthetix Protocol. They can be authored by anyone and feature the motivation, technical specifications and rationale behind design decisions relating to the proposed idea.

SIPs are used as an artifact by the Spartan Council who is responsible for conducting interviews with the SIP author and debating on the implications of the SIP within the council chamber and also by the protocol DAO who is responsible for implementing the technical changes on the discretion of the Spartan Council.

SIPs live at their official site where anyone can see the status of SIPs and to find out more information about how to author one. Although anyone can author a SIP, it is ultimately up to the Spartan Council to approve and accept a SIP, all successful SIPs are granted a Synthetix Network Token reward.

Synthetix Configuration Change Proposal (SCCPs)

The SCCP is an artifact which follows the same authoring and review process as the SIP, except the contents of the SCCP contain proposed changes to existing parameters of the system. As a result of this, SCCPs commonly reference a SIP that is deployed on the Synthetix Protocol.

SCCP’s live on the same site as the SIPs official site but follow a slightly different specification.

Decentralised Autonomous Organisations

Spartan Council (SC)

The Spartan Council (SC) is a governing DAO which currently comprises 8 members who are elected (see Elections) for the duration of an epoch by community staking participants. Established via SIP-93, the SC is responsible for conducting SIP/SCCP interviews, debating the implications of proposed changes, coordinating protocol changes with the protocol DAO and hosting periodic community governance meetings in order to best represent and protect the wider Synthetix stakeholders.

The SC, like other DAO roles, are paid a stipend by the Synthetix DAO and conduct their duties on the relevant discord governance channels and utilises snapshot’s IPFS signature voting on the staking governance site.

Protocol DAO (pDAO)

The Protocol DAO (pDAO) is the DAO is an organisation which operates out of a Gnosis multi-signature wallet. The wallet is assigned as the owner of the Synthetix Protocol core contracts, which makes the pDAO responsible for upgrading and releasing new contracts on behalf of the Spartan Council.

Members of the pDAO are appointed to be signers of the Gnosis multi-sig by the Spartan Council, who use a strict criteria to identify who is eligible to become a pDAO member.

The Gnosis multisignature wallet address that the pDAO operate out of is 0xEb3107117FEAd7de89Cd14D463D340A2E6917769.

Synthetix DAO (sDAO)

The Synthetix DAO is the DAO responsible for managing the Synthetix Protocol treasury, their only role is ensuring that the Synthetix governing bodies remain incentivised to support the Synthetix Ecosystem’s upkeep and future development.

Ambassador DAO (aDAO)

Ambassadors are nominated community members who are appointed as a signer on a Gnosis multisig, their role is to gather support from Synthetix community members who delegate their governance tokens (from other external protocols) to the multisig, effectively empowering the Ambassadors to participate in external protocols governance systems which have a positive impact on the Synthetix ecosystem (i.e interoperable protocol features, listing of synthetix synths on DEX’s).

The Ambassadors are re-elected every epoch, and the members are paid a stipend by the sDAO during their tenure.

Grants DAO (gDAO)

The grantsDAO is the organisation that is responsible for vetting, issuing and accepting proposals to be funded. The proposals consist of public goods that community members want to be built that directly benefit the Synthetix ecosystem.

With their budget, the gDAO also funds public hackathons and external developments in which the core contributors might consider out of their scope.

They operate out of a Gnosis multisig found here and are paid a stipend by the sDAO.

Core Contributors

A decentralised cluster of autonomous teams that are paid a stipend by the sDAO and support the Synthetix Protocol via a variety of development and non-developmental roles (i.e marketing, design, development etc).



An integral part of the Synthetix Governance Process is the DAO election process. To prevent a stagnant governance system, the different DAO’s have specific epochs in which the members operate within.

At the end of each epoch, the community conducts an election via snapshot’s IPFS infrastructure as specified in SIP-90 where the participants staking to the Synthetix Protocol are assigned a weighted-vote in which they can delegate to the member they’d like to see on the DAO.

Community Governance Call

Once a month, the DAO’s collectively host a community call on discord which is a public forum in which the DAO’s give an overview of their work and provide an open-environment for community members to express their opinions to the governing bodies directly.

These governance calls are recorded and hosted on youtube and spotify.

SIP/SCCP interviews

As a part of the Spartan Council role, interviews are conducted between the SIP/SCCP authors and the Spartan Council in order to discuss the implications and design choices of a proposed change to the Synthetix Protocol. The public nature of these interviews provides a transparent way for the community members to understand the changes being proposed and also safeguards the system through having more accountability within the decision making process.

These interviews are recorded and publicly available on spotify.

Technical Information

Spartan Council

Election Flow

  1. An election is created on the snapshot-space or on the staking website with the nominations gathered on the nomination sheet.

  2. Once the election is completed, the SC-NFT must be revoked from ex-members and issued to new members of the Spartan Council.

  3. To enable Dilution, the relevant information from the election must be logged into the CouncilDilution contract, to do this, there is a script avaliable on synthetix-scripts

  4. Once the NFT is distributed, the holders will be entitled to vote on SIPs/SCCPs under the snxgov.eth space, when the CouncilDilution is updated with the latest election hash onchain, voters are able to dilute members whom they have voted for per proposal.

Old Council Dilution: (deprecated due to a bug)

Council Dilution:


Snapshot Space:

Staking dApp Voting:


Election Flow

  1. An election is created on the snapshot-space or on the staking website with the nominations gathered on the nomination sheet.

  2. Once the election is completed, the gDAO multisig must be updated with the new owners and the old owners must be removed.

gDAO Multisig:

Snapshot Space:

Staking dApp Voting:


Election Flow

  1. An election is created on the snapshot-space or on the staking website with the nominations gathered on the nomination sheet.

  2. Once the election is completed, the gDAO multisig must be updated with the new owners and the old owners must be removed.

aDAO Multisig:

Snapshot Space:

Staking dApp Voting: